Problem
– Solving
1. Josef
purchased a lawn mower which was sold at 20% discount. He paid Php 14,800.00
for the lawn mower. How much was the original price of the law mower?
1.
Php
18,250
2.
Php
18,565
3.
Php
18,500
4.
18,575
Let X = original price of the lawn mower
20%
= discount given Php 14,800.00 =
net price paid
X  .20X
= Php 14,800.00
.80X = Php 14,800
.80 .80
x
= Php 18,500.00
P 18,500
 .20 ( P 18.500 ) = P14,800
P 18,500
– P 33,700 = P14,800
P14,800 = P14,800
Ans: 3
2. Ruth
is paid P 17,000 for regular 40hr. week.
Up to 40 hours, she is paid at the regular hourly rate. For overtime of more
than 40 hrs, she receives 11 ½ times as much as the regular hourly rate. How
many hours did she work during a particular week when she earned about P
24,650.00 ?
1. 48 hrs
2. 52 hrs
3. 55 hrs
4. 54 hrs
Ruth’s
regular rate per hour. = P17,000 / 40 hrs = P 425.00 per hr.
Ruth’s
overtime rate per hour: Regular x 1.5 = P 425.00 x 1.5 = P 637.50
Ruth’s
overtime pay: P 24,650  P 7,650
Ruth’s
overtime pay per hour: P 7,650 / P 637.50 = 12 hrs
Regular
work week + overtime : 40 hrs = 52 hrs.
Ans: 2
3. A
stationery pad that sells for P 18.50 can be bought for for P 150 when a dozen
pads are purchased at one time. What is the savings per pad, in pesos, when the
pads are purchased by the dozen?
1. P 6.95
2. P 6.50
3. P 6.75
4. P 6.00
P
150.00 / 12 = p 12.50 per pad
P
18.50 – P 12.50 = P 6.00
Ans: 4
4. On
the day of the school concert, 500 tickets were sold. The students paid P150
each while nonstudents paid P200 each. If the total of P85,000 was collected,
how many nonstudents attended?
1. 250
2. 230
3. 260
4. 200
Money
collected = P85,000 # of tickets
sold = 500 tickets
Let
X = number of students Let Y =
number of nonstudents
X + Y = 500
150X
+ 200Y = P 85,000
( X + Y = 500 ) 150 check:
X + 200 = 500
150X + 200Y = 85.000 X = 500
– 200
150X + 150
Y = 75.000 X = 300
150X  200
Y = 85.000

50 Y = 10.000
Y = 200
Ans:
4
5. A
faucet filled a 315 gallon tank in 9 hrs. Later, the tank suffered a crack at
the bottom and started leaking at the rate of 6 gallons/hr. How long will it
takes the faucet to refill the emptied tank?
1. 11 hrs and 29 mins
2. 11 hrs
3. 10 hrs and 48 mins
4. 13 hrs
315b/9t – 6/1
35
T  6T = 31
29T
/ 29 = 315 / 29
T
= 10 hrs and 89 mins
= 10
hrs and 1 hr and 29 mins
= 11 hrs and 29 mins
Ans: 1
6 .
Josef Raymund divided his estate among his three children: Joe, Ray and Sef in
the ratio of 3: 2 : 2. If Sef received the amount of P 2.85M, what was the
total estate ?
1. P 10M
2. P 9.975M
3. P 9.5M
4. P9.9M
P
2,850,000 / 2 = P 1,425 Joe : 3 (
P1,425,000 ) = P 4,275,000
Ray
: 2 ( P1,425,000 ) = p 2,850,000
Sef : 2 ( P 1,425,000 )
Total
= P 9,975,000
Ans: 2
7. The
Del Rosario family’s monthly income is P 25,000. The family spends 30% for
food, 20% FOR rentals, 10% for clothing ans 16% for miscellaneous. How much is
saved in peso value?
1.
P6,520
2.
P6,250
3.
P6,000
4.
P6,400
solution:
30% + 20% + 10% + 16% = 76%
P25,000 x 76 / 100 = P1,900,000 / 100 = P 19,000
P25,000  P19,000 = 6,000
Ans: 3
8. A
motorcycle covers 225kms in 2 ½ hrs. How far can he go in 1 ¾ hrs?
1.
158
kms
2.
157.5
kms
3.
150
kms
4.
165
kms
solution:
225 kms = 2.5 hrs 2.5hrs.
N = 225 (1.75)
N 1.75 hrs 2.5hrsN = 393.75
2.5 2.5
N =
157.5 kms
Ans: 2
9. One
way fare from Manila to Davao is P5,200. How many round trip tickets can be
purchased with the amount of P104.000?
1. 11
2. 10
3. 12
4. 9
solution: P5,200 x 2 = P10,400 round trip fare
P104,000 / p10,400 = 10 round trip tickets
Ans: 2
10. Mr.
Sison left his house at 7:00am and drove his car at 50kph. He rested for half
an hour. What time he reach his destination which is 600kms away?
1. 7:30pm
2. 7:00pm
3. 8:00pm
4. 8:30pm
solution:
speed = distance / time ST = D
S S
T = D / S T = 600 / 50 T = 12 hrs + 30 mins (rest time)
T = 7: 30 PM
Ans: 1
11. Ruth
bought 55 copies of Phil. History and paid a total of p3,850.00. if she buys 3
copies more of the same book, how uch will she pay in all?
1.
P4,060
2.
P4,260
3.
P4,160
4.
P4,150
Solution:
P3,850 / 55 copies = p70.00 per copy.
P 70.00 x 3 more copies = P210.00
P 3,850 210.00 = P4,060 total
cost for 58 books
Ans:
1
12.
A manufacturer finds that 150 pieces of pens are defective and unsuitable for
sale. If the defective pens are equivalent to three percent of the production,
how many pens are being produced?
1. 5,100
2.
3. 5,000
4. 5,150
solution:
Let X = no. of pens produced
3% = percentage of defective pens in proportion to production
150 = no. of defective pens
3%X
= 150 ; 3% X = or 150/3% or 150/.03
X = 5,000
Ans:
3
13.
Timmie owns 40% of the stock in millennium Traders, Inc. Jsef owns 15,000
shares. Bernice owns all the shares not owned
by Timmie nor Josef. How many shares does Timmie own if Bernice has 25% more shares
than Timmie?
1. 45,000 shares
2. 50, 000 shares
3. 60,00 shares
4. 75,000 shares
Solution:
Timmie = 40% Millenium Traders
Bernice = owns 25% more than Timmie’s share in the Company
Josef
= owns shares neither owned by Timmie’s nor Bernice
= 100%  40%  50%  10%
I
f Josef owns 10% of Millennium
equivalents to 15,000 shares,
then
Let X = 15,000 /.10
X = 150,000 thus : Timmie
owns : 40% X 150,000
= 60.000
Ans:
3
14.
Mang Lorenzo, a gardener, can now a lawn in 3hrs. After 2 hrs, it raned and he
stopped moving the lawn. In the afternoon. Aling Tina, completed the rest of
the word in one hour and 30 minutes. How long would it takes Aling Tina to mow
the lawn by herself?
1. 1 hr and 30 mins.
2. 2 hrs and 22 mins.
3. 2 hrs
4. 2 hrs and 30 mins.
solution:
Part of work done = time actually
spent working
time required to accomplish work
Let
X # of hours it would take Aling Tina to mow the lawn by herself.
Mang
Lorenzop = 2/3 of the work done in hrs.
Aling
Tina = 1 ½ hrs to finish the rest of the work. 3/2 or ½
= 3/2X = Part of the work done by Aling Tina
= 2/3 + 3 / 3X = 1
3/2X = 1/3 / 3/2
X = 2/9 or 2.22
Ans:
2
15.
A couple wants to have only four children so spaced that the first is older
than the second by 2 years, the second
older than the third by three years, the third older than the fourth by 4
years. If their plan is realized, how old will the eldest child be when the youngest is nine years old?
1. 18 yrs. Old
2. 9 yrs. Old
3. 16 years old
4. 17 years old
5. 18 years
Solution:
Let X = age of the eldest by the time the younest is nine years. Old
2 ÷ 3 + 4 = total no. of years.
9 = total no. of age difference.
If the youngest would be 9
years old, adding the no. of age
Difference: X + 9 years = 18
years old
Youngest = 9
years old
2^{nd}
to the youngest = 9 + 4 = 13
2^{nd} eldest = 9
= 4 = 13
2nd = 13 + 3 = 16
Eldest
= 16 + 2 = 18
Ans:
1
16.
Mary purchased 4 lbs. of mixed nuts at P20.00 per lb. Rita purchased 2 lbs of
peanuts at P15.00 per lb. What is the average price per pound for the mixture
of both purchases?
1. P18.33
2. P17.50
3. P20.00
4. P18.75
Solution: 4 lbs
x P20 = P80.00
2
lbs x P15.00 = P30.00
P110.00 / 6lbs = P18/lb.
Ans:
1
17.
Mr. Vergara paid a total of P28,650 in taxes for income earned in s2006. His
tax rate is 34 ¼ of his gross annual income. What is his monthly income?
1. P7,000
P6,970
P6,950
6,850
Solution:
Tax paid = rate x annual gross income
tax rate = 34 ¼ % or .3425
p28.650 / .3425 = P83.650
Monthly salary : gross annual incoming /12
months
P83,650/12 = P 6,970
Ans: 2
18. On
January 01, 2006. Margarita invested P100,000.00 ofr two years at a rate of 12%
p.a compounded annually. By April 01, 2008, how much interest would she have
earned?
1. P29,250.50
2. P29,203.20
3. P29,204.20
4. P29,205.50
5. P29,200.00
Solution:
for 2006 : P 100,000 X 12% = p12,000 (yearly interest)
for 2007 : P112,000 x 12% =
P13,440 (yearly interest)
for until April 01,2008 : P
125,440 x 12% = P15,052.80/12
P1,254.40(monthly interest) x23 months =
P3,363.20
Total interest earned : P12,000 +
p13,440 + p3,763.20
P29,203.20
Ans: 2
19. On
march 01, 2006.George opened a savings account of P50,000 at the rate of 6% per
annum compound monthly. By June 01, 2006, how much is his money in the bank ?
1. P50,250
2. P50,753.75
3. P50,717.75
4. P50,500
Solution:
annual interest : 6% ; monthly interest : ½ or .5%
by March 31 : (p50,000 x .005)
+ P50,000 = P50,250
by April 30 : (P50,250 x
.005 ) + P52.250 = P50,501.25
BY May 31 : ( P50,501
.25x.005) + p50,501.25 = P50,753.75
Ans: 2
20. A
Department store had a Megasale of Jackets at the ff. prices?
a.
P395.00
jackets reduced to P300.00
b.
P685.00
jackets reduced to p580.00
c.
P995.00
jackets reduced to P890.00
d.
P1,450.00
jackets reduced to P890.00
e.
which
group of jackets was offered at the greatest rates of discounts from its
original price?
a. 24%
b. 15%
c. 10%
d. 15%
e. 25%
SOLUTION:
P395.00 – P300.00 = P95.00 difference
A. 95.
00 = .24% x 100% C.P995.00
– P 890.00 = P105.00
395.00 995.00
95.00 =.10
x 100% = 10%
395.00
B.
P685.00 – P580.00 = P 105.00/685.00 D.
P1,450 – P1,250 = P200.00
= .15 x 100% = 15% 1,450.00
=.13
x 100% = 13%